Aung San, Assassination of
- Around 10:30 A.M. on Saturday, July 19, 1947, four men armed with automatic weapons entered an upper-floor room of the Secretariat building (now the Ministers' Building) in downtown Rangoon (Yangon), where Aung San was holding a meeting of the Executive Council, Burma's interim government before independence. They killed Aung San, six other members of the Council, and two others, a crime that, from the perspective of Burma's subsequent history, was a major national tragedy. The country's most able political leader lost his life at the age of 32. The gunmen were followers of U Saw, a political rival, who, according to some accounts, wanted revenge after having been wounded in an assassination attempt that he believed was carried out on Aung San's orders. But at the trial of U Saw and his followers, it was revealed that he had ordered the killing of the entire Executive Council in the mistaken hope that, with Aung San and his colleagues out of the way, the British would appoint him independent Burma's first prime minister. Thakin Nu was another intended victim, but he was not in the Secretariat at the time of the attack.Like the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, the assassination of Aung San is surrounded by some controversy. Elements in the British army came under suspicion when it was discovered that U Saw was deeply involved in an arms-procurement conspiracy with a Captain David Vivian and other officers. Some Burmese suggest that Ne Win instigated the plot, using U Saw and his henchmen. But the evidence is scanty and contradictory. July 19 is commemorated annually as Martyrs' Day, though its importance has been deemphasized since the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) came to power in 1988.See also Aung San, Legacy of.
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Aung San, Legacy of — Aung San s legacy has been contested by successive Burmese governments, ethnic minorities, and the democratic opposition, especially after 1988. Following his rise to national prominence during the 1936 student strike, he became a man of… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Aung San, Bogyoke — (1915 1947) Modern Burma s most important political figure, who played the principal role in winning independence from Britain after World War II. Burmese people often refer to him as bogyoke (commander in chief) because he is credited with … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Aung San Suu Kyi — အောင်ဆန်းစုကြည် Suu Kyi in 2011 General Secretary of the National League for Democracy … Wikipedia
Aung San — Infobox Military Person name= Aung San lived= February 13, 1915 – July 19, 1947 placeofbirth= Natmauk, Magwe, Burma placeofdeath= Rangoon, Burma caption= Aung San nickname= allegiance= Burma National Army Anti Fascist People s Freedom League… … Wikipedia
Aung San — [ oung sän] (1914 47), Burmese nationalist leader. As leader of the Council of Ministers, he negotiated a promise of self government from the British shortly before his assassination … Useful english dictionary
Assassination of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi — Raj Ghat Memorial marking the cremation spot of Mohandas Gandhi Location New Delhi Date … Wikipedia
Saw, U — (1900 1948) A major colonial era political leader, who took the name Galon U Saw after serving as a defense attorney for Saya San (Hsaya San) in 1931. He established the Myochit or Patriot Party in 1938, and served as Burma s prime minister … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
History of Burma — Prehistory 11,000–200 BCE Pyu city states 200 BCE–835 CE Mon kingdoms 825?–1057 Arakanese kingdoms 788?–1406 … Wikipedia
U Saw — aka Galon U Saw (1900 ndash;1948) was a leading Burmese politician and Prime Minister during the colonial era before the Second World War. He was however best known for his alleged role in the assassination of Burma s national hero Aung San and… … Wikipedia
Communist Party of Burma — Not to be confused with Communist Party (Burma). Burma (Myanmar) This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Burma … Wikipedia